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Harney FlatsA Florida Paleoindian Site$
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I. Randolph Daniel Jr. and Michael Wisenbaker

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781683400226

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9781683400226.001.0001

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Settlement Systems and Technology: A Summary Model

Settlement Systems and Technology: A Summary Model

Chapter:
(p.168) Chapter 9 Settlement Systems and Technology: A Summary Model
Source:
Harney Flats
Author(s):

I. Randolph Daniel

Michael Wisenbaker

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9781683400226.003.0009

This chapter summarizes the preceding analyses by looking at the relationship between hunter-gatherer settlement systems and technology. Situated on a ridge slope overlooking the large inland basin of Harney Flats, the site is topographically well positioned to serve as a residential base providing a vantage point to observe animals in the basin, provide access to water, and obtain nearby suitable toolstone. Indeed, the site assemblage has been influenced by the readily available quantities of knappable chert. Manufacturing different tool types is seen as a principal activity at the site, and inferences are made with regard to the overall roles of these tools within the settlement system. With respect to technological organization, distinctions are made between expedient tools (manufactured for short-term use on-site) and curated tools (manufactured for long-term use elsewhere in the settlement system). Other items such as hammerstones, cores, and abraders were likely stored at the site awaiting reuse.

Keywords:   Settlement system, Technological organization, Curated tools, Expedient tools, Hammerstones, Cores, Abraders

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