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CahokiaA World Renewal Cult Heterarchy$
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A. Martin Byers

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780813029580

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813029580.001.0001

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Cultural Traditions and Prehistoric Archaeology

Cultural Traditions and Prehistoric Archaeology

(p.60) 3 Cultural Traditions and Prehistoric Archaeology

A. Martin Byers

University Press of Florida

This chapter argues for the critical necessity of cosmology, ideology, ethos, and worldview as delineating real differences within the cultural tradition of a people. At the general level, then, the term cultural tradition is used to refer to this sphere of collective consciousness. The chapter then treats a cultural tradition as structured by four basic relatively autonomous states of consciousness that are called cosmology, ethos, worldview, and ideology. The term intentionality is used in philosophy generically to refer to the directedness (or “aboutness”) that is intrinsic to beliefs, desires, intentions, hopes, worries, fears, and so on. In addition, this term can be explained from the perspective that particularly counts for archaeology and cultural traditions. Next, the relative autonomy of components of cultural traditions is explored. The integrated and fused views of cultural traditions are covered as well.

Keywords:   cosmology, ideology, ethos, worldview, cultural traditions, prehistoric archaeology

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