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CahokiaA World Renewal Cult Heterarchy$
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A. Martin Byers

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780813029580

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813029580.001.0001

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The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

(p.163) 7 The Early Terminal Late Woodland Period Sponemann Community Development

A. Martin Byers

University Press of Florida

This chapter interprets the Sponemann settlement pattern in developmental terms, as the working out over time of shifting proscriptive-prescriptive deontics arising from intensified cultivation and settlement as predicated under the Sacred Maize model. It begins by presenting the proscriptive/prescriptive settlement and subsistence dynamics. The chronological scheme of Communities 1 through 4 seems quite consistent with the predictions that flow from the Sacred Maize model. The chapter also discusses the Sponemann site ritual/ceremonial sphere. The interpretation of the Sponemann phase occupation is consistent with the Sacred Maize model in that it illustrates that the incorporation of maize as a major subsistence crop is correlated with the expansion of the population, the elaboration of world renewal ritual through the construction of a sequential series of keyhole structures, and the modification of the deontic ecological posture from a strongly proscriptive-settlement toward a less proscriptive-settlement orientation correlated with an intensifying prescriptive subsistence ceremonial orientation.

Keywords:   Sponemann community, settlement pattern, Terminal Late Woodland period, proscriptive-prescriptive deontics, Sacred Maize model, subsistence dynamics

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