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Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities
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Neil Brodie, Morag M. Kersel, Christina Luke, and Kathryn Walker Tubb

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780813029726

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813029726.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Protecting Cultural Heritage in Conflict

Protecting Cultural Heritage in Conflict

(p.25) 1 Protecting Cultural Heritage in Conflict
Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Neil Brodie

Morag M. Kersel

Kathryn Walker Tubb

University Press of Florida

This chapter describes the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, which was drafted with this aim in mind, particularly its First Protocol, which places an obligation on States Parties not to remove cultural objects from territories occupied during wartime, and the 1999 Second Protocol, which extends this obligation to Parties engaged in civil war, and establishes that violations of the Convention are criminal offenses and provides rules for the prosecution of offenders. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)'s assistance to Iraq was limited by the United Nations' Sanctions Committee, which did not allow the dispatch of chemicals, photographic paper, and other supplies to enable reconstitution of the inventories. The situation in Iraq is all the more tragic in that it follows the hemorrhage of cultural materials set in motion by the armed intervention of 1991. The value of the Hague Convention over the last fifty years is evaluated.

Keywords:   1954 Hague Convention, cultural property, armed conflict, States Parties, Iraq, United Nations, cultural heritage

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