The Cold War had ended, and yet the tension between the United States and Cuba remained. For three decades from 1961 to 1991, US policy makers focused on the preeminent Communist threat posed by Cuba, particularly with the assumption that the Fidel Castro regime was exporting revolution across Latin America and in the Third World countries. While the US government had been imposing trade embargoes and tightening the entry of US citizens and remittances in Cuba, the two hostile governments at some point exhibited cooperation on certain issues of mutual interest. This cooperation between the US and Cuba is surprising as animosity is always perceived as dominant in U.S.-Cuban discourse. This book focuses on the intriguing pattern that exists in U.S.-Cuban cooperation during the 1990s, focusing on the four areas that have cemented the cooperation. These four areas involve drug trafficking, illegal migration, decreasing tension on the Guantanámo Naval Base, and reducing the threat of unintended war. This book seeks to examine the rationale behind the cooperation between these two hostile countries, the reason why the US government is hesitant to acknowledge successful efforts at cooperation, the state of the cooperative efforts on the George W. Bush administration and the possible new set of models this cooperation can contribute in twenty-first century U.S.-Cuban relations. In the introduction to this book, a discussion on the history of the hostility of the two governments against each other is examined. The succeeding discussion tackles the confidence-building measures (CBMs) established by these governments to address the bilateral issues of these countries.
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