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Bridging Race DividesBlack Nationalism, Feminism, and Integration in the United States, 1896-1935$
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Kate Dosset

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813031408

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813031408.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 03 August 2021

Laying the Groundwork

Laying the Groundwork

Washington, Burroughs, Bethune, and the Clubwomen's Movement

(p.15) 1 Laying the Groundwork
Bridging Race Divides

Kate Dossett

University Press of Florida

This chapter outlines the stand of the three most prominent clubwomen on the issue of separation and integration movements and strategies on racism. These three women are Margaret Murray Washington, Nannie Helen Burroughs, and Mary McLeod Bethune. They all played important roles in forwarding pan-African and civil rights during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This chapter examines the contributions of these women in the national black women's club. Particular attention is given to their works and activities as clubwomen during the 1920s. The chapter also looks into their insistence to choose the elements of integrationationalism and black nationalism while forwarding their pan-Africanist stand which laid and cemented the foundations of black nationalist feminist thought.

Keywords:   clubwomen, separation strategies, integration strategies, Margaret Murray Washington, Nannie Helen Burroughs, Mary McLeod Bethune, civil rights, contributions, black women's club, integrationationalism

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