The Artistic Possibilities of Schism
This chapter discusses the reason for Joyce using the word “epicleti” and the consequence he might have intended by its use. For Joyce, epicleti was something that was disruptive and alien, something that caused the freedom of artistic possibility. Epicleti presented a challenge to Roman orthodoxy as a schismatic choice, it insisted on a figurative event rather than on a literal one, thus it was open to representation and mimesis. It was a dramatic representation rather than a real presence, therefore it was a narrative account rather than an actual process. As a narrative, it evoked something of the past that requires memory and recall; it marked the movement of change and development. This chapter provides an examination of how much Dubliners was affected by the intentionally provocative issue of “epicleti” and how much the stories were connected to Joyce's attraction to schism embodied in this term. Joyce did not merely use the word “epicleti” to impress and to posture, he used it because it offered him means to create an art free from the restraints imposed by the orthodoxy of his background and left things open to what he wished to achieve.
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