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Religion and the Politics of Ethnic Identity in Bahia, Brazil$
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Stephen Selka

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780813031712

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813031712.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

The Politics of Afro-Brazilian Identity

The Politics of Afro-Brazilian Identity

(p.120) 6 The Politics of Afro-Brazilian Identity
Religion and the Politics of Ethnic Identity in Bahia, Brazil

Stephen Selka

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses the complex and contested ways in which religion is enmeshed with the politics of Afro-Brazilian identity. As shown in the previous chapters of the book, religion and Afro-Brazilian identity shared a complex relationship. Although Candomblé served as an emblem of Afro-Brazilian identity, the relationship between the religion and blackness is more than a simple and straightforward type of connectedness. This chapter attempts to address the issues surrounding the multiplicity and complexity of Afro-Brazilian identity and racial politics wherein a shared common identity and a shared political agenda were foreign concepts to people of African descent. Three major themes are discussed in this chapter that aim to address the issues of the rather varied stand on Afro-Brazilian identity and the approaches to racial politics. This chapter begins with a discussion on the relationship between religion and identity. The succeeding discussion draws on theoretical approaches to provide a better understanding of the connections between collective identities and power relations. The chapter concludes with the macropolitical questions concerning the politics of identity and the black movement in Brazil.

Keywords:   religion, politics, Afro-Brazilian identity, Candomblé, racial politics, identity, collective identities, power relations

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