Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Sons of Ishmael – Muslims through European Eyes in the Middle Ages - Florida Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sons of Ishmael: Muslims through European Eyes in the Middle Ages

John V. Tolan


“Sons of Ishmael” is the epithet that many Christian writers of the Middle Ages gave to Muslims. This book focuses on the history of conflict and convergence between Latin Christendom and the Arab Muslim world during this period. These eleven essays explore, in greater depth than the author's previous books, a wide variety of topics. The Bible and Qur'an agree that Arabs were the descendants of Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar. Ishmael is described in Genesis as “a wild man; his hand will be against every man and every man's hand against him.” To many medieval Christians, this was a prophecy ... More

Keywords: Sons of Ishmael, Middle Ages, conflict, Isaac, Latin Christendom, Arab Muslim, Islam

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780813032221
Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011 DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813032221.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John V. Tolan, author
University of Nantes