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Lincoln's Lost LegacyRepublican Party and the African American Vote, 1928–1952$
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Simon Topping

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032283

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032283.001.0001

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The Lily-White House

The Lily-White House

(p.9) 1 The Lily-White House
Lincoln's Lost Legacy

Simon Topping

University Press of Florida

The seeds of African American alignment found a fertile ground during the presidencies of Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover, but it accelerated and sprouted during the Great Depression and the New Deal. By the 1920s, the African American alienation was a budding flower in the Lincoln administration but found no viable outward expression. This chapter discusses the growing alienation of the black voters as the Republican Party that was once ruled by the motives of ensuring the welfare of the blacks started to turn its back on the blacks. It discusses the Grand Old Party's policies which led to the alienation of the blacks. In the chapter, the presidency of Hoover, the “southern strategy,” the emergence of “black and tan” and “lily-white” factions in the GOP, and the Republicans' taking for granted of the political importance of the blacks are discussed. While the New Deal and the Great Depression may be pointed as contributing factors to the increasing disaffection of the blacks with the GOP, the change of allegiance of the black voters was primarily caused by the interplay of factors that were deliberately designed to alienate them.

Keywords:   African American, Herbert Hoover, New Deal, Great Depression, alienation, black voters, Republican Party, Grand Old Party, southern strategy

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