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T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American AgitatorA Collection of Writings, 1880-1928$
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Shawn Leigh Alexander

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032320

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032320.001.0001

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The Afro-American

The Afro-American

(p.215) 25 The Afro-American
T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator

Shawn Leigh Alexander

University Press of Florida

This chapter presents the article “The Afro-American,” where Fortune explained his use of the term “Afro-American,” which, he explained, included anyone of African origin who was “not ashamed of his race,” over “Negro”, or “colored” as a designation for the race. The purpose of writing the article was to respond to a piece written by Senator John T. Morgan of Alabama in which he referred to the term “Afro-American” as a reference exclusively used for mulattoes. Fortune took the opportunity to correct the senator and also to address fully the issue of the mixing of the races, a problem that, Fortune explained, was on the hands of the southern white man. Fortune also addressed the issue of social privileges and civil rights.

Keywords:   African Americans, race, Senator John T. Morgan, mulattoes, racial designation, racial mixing, social privileges, civil rights

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