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T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American AgitatorA Collection of Writings, 1880-1928$
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Shawn Leigh Alexander

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032320

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032320.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

The Latest Color Line

The Latest Color Line

(p.230) 27 The Latest Color Line
T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator

Shawn Leigh Alexander

University Press of Florida

This chapter presents the essay, “ The Latest Color Line,” published both in the New York Sun and the Liberia Bulletin, where Fortune takes issue with those who seem, according to him, to be attempting to create a color caste system in the United States. Fortune begins his critique with an attack on Edward Blyden, who claimed that the race problem in America was caused by conflict between mulattoes and whites, not blacks and whites. Fortune proceeded to take issue with the American Negro Academy, an organization he felt would cause a “separation of the black and mulattoes,” particularly through its preference for the term “Negro” over “Afro-American.” The essay warned that drawing another color line in American society would hurt the race as a whole. “No friend of the Afro-American race can fail to forget,” it said, “that the black and yellow people of the United States will have their problem of manhood further complicated by a color line. They have enough trouble as matters stand without borrowing more.”

Keywords:   African Americans, color caste system, color line, Edward Blyden, mulattoes, American Negro Academy

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