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T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American AgitatorA Collection of Writings, 1880-1928$
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Shawn Leigh Alexander

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032320

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032320.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

Will the Afro-American Return to Africa?

Will the Afro-American Return to Africa?

(p.264) 34 Will the Afro-American Return to Africa?
T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator

Shawn Leigh Alexander

University Press of Florida

African Americans had at various times debated the idea of emigration outside of the United States, especially in the 1850s and the 1890s. Although Fortune was a supporter of African independence, he did not believe African Americans should return to Africa. This chapter presents an essay written for the AME Church Review in 1892, when the emigrationist ideas of Henry McNeal Turner were gaining some popularity in the African American community. Lynching and mob rule were on the rise, and the nation's federal government continued to do little to prevent the southern states from stripping the black community of social and political rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. Fortune, however, still believed that African Americans should remain in the United States and fight for their civil and political rights.

Keywords:   African Americans, civil rights, emigration, Henry McNeal Turner, lynching, mob rule, essay

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