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Black Women in the Ivory Tower, 1850–1954An Intellectual History$
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Stephanie Y. Evans

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032689

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032689.001.0001

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“Beating Onward, Ever Onward”

“Beating Onward, Ever Onward”

A Critical Mass, 1910–1954

(p.57) 3 “Beating Onward, Ever Onward”
Black Women in the Ivory Tower, 1850–1954

Stephanie Y. Evans

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses the growth in education attainment between 1910 and 1954 and the development of a significant number of collegiate women. In the period between 1910 and 1954, the emergence of the Harlem Renaissance and the intensification of demands for citizenship rights had a great impact on black women's college experiences in the third wave of educational attainment. While black women were generally admitted to undergraduate schools, the slow yet increasing access to graduate schools accorded to black women drove throngs of migrants to the northern and urban areas where urban institutions like the University of Pennsylvania, University of Chicago, and Columbia University of New York were situated. This chapter also discusses the social contracts through which black women had to creatively negotiate in order to attain the most sought after education and social equity.

Keywords:   growth, education attainment, undergraduate schools, collegiate women, migrants, Harlem Renaissance, black women, educational attainment, graduate schools

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