“That Which Relieves Their Hunger”
This chapter discusses the increasing demand for teachers between the Civil War and World War I, when the majority of people hungered for knowledge and education. In this period, most of the American colleges and universities were modified to become teacher-training institutions to address the unprecedented hunger for knowledge. African American colleges during this period were no exception at all as they too followed the growing trend of redefining academies into teacher-training institutions. This chapter discusses the plight of black women in their teaching careers. Although capable, most black women were not given prime teaching positions, were often asked to teach more students for a lesser salary and were subjects of internal and external inferiority. Particular attention is directed to the pedagogies of Cooper and Bethune, which had a great impact on teaching.
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