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Black Women in the Ivory Tower, 1850–1954An Intellectual History$
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Stephanie Y. Evans

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813032689

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813032689.001.0001

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“That Which Relieves Their Hunger”

(p.160) 8 Teaching
Black Women in the Ivory Tower, 1850–1954

Stephanie Y. Evans

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses the increasing demand for teachers between the Civil War and World War I, when the majority of people hungered for knowledge and education. In this period, most of the American colleges and universities were modified to become teacher-training institutions to address the unprecedented hunger for knowledge. African American colleges during this period were no exception at all as they too followed the growing trend of redefining academies into teacher-training institutions. This chapter discusses the plight of black women in their teaching careers. Although capable, most black women were not given prime teaching positions, were often asked to teach more students for a lesser salary and were subjects of internal and external inferiority. Particular attention is directed to the pedagogies of Cooper and Bethune, which had a great impact on teaching.

Keywords:   teachers, knowledge, education, teacher-training institutions, African American colleges, black women, teaching, teaching positions

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