Pre-Hispanic Brewing in the Andes and the Use of Ethnographic and Historical Analogues
This chapter examines how changes over the last 500 years may have affected alcohol production and consumption in the Andes and questions attempts to project chicha production and consumption regimes into the pre-Columbian world. In particular, it follows Elizabet Brumfiel's advice and investigates the problem of discerning continuity and change in maize chicha production in the Andes. The ethnographic and historical sources on chicha production that inform interpretations of pre-Columbian production and how they have been used by archaeologists are described. It then explains Ann Stahl's critique of homogeneous analogical models that assume rather than question persistence. It ends with a call for ethnoarchaeological research into chicha production to complement and augment existing analogue sources. An improved understanding of continuity and change in chicha production requires further strengthening of the comparative approach. As argued in this chapter, it can be started by recognizing the historical and cultural context of the analogues.
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