This chapter discusses tico socialism of Costa Rica, which emerged shortly after the coffee economy arrived during the latter part of the nineteenth century. This new economy in Costa Rica allowed the elites to dominate the country even further. The chapter notes that the term “tico” was derived from the common use of the diminutive in speech as a form of politeness. One important figure discussed in the chapter is José Figueres Ferrer. He believed that he was a socialist, albeit a criollo socialist of the Tico variety. His thought was shaped by three influences. The first was the European social democracy, Aprismo, and the reforms and mixed-economy concepts of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal.
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