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Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake$
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Colin Pengelly

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033136

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033136.001.0001

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The Chesapeake

The Chesapeake

The Battle Joined

(p.124) 8 The Chesapeake
Sir Samuel Hood and the Battle of the Chesapeake

Colin Pengelly

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines the defeat of the British Royal Navy at the Battle of the Chesapeake. It provides a brief background on the professional careers of the commanders of the opposing navies, Thomas Graves of the British Royal Navy and Francois-Joseph comte de Grass of the French Navy. During the September 5 sighting of the opponent, de Grasse was in a disadvantaged position because he was anchored and had about sixteen hundred officers and men ashore engaged in various tasks. However, Graves failed to take advantage of the situation and the French inflicted a tactical defeat on the Royal Navy which led to the fall of the government of Lord North and ultimately the independence of the U.S.

Keywords:   Battle of the Chesapeake, Royal Navy, Thomas Graves, Francois-Joseph comte de Grass, French Navy, U.S, Lord North, independence

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