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Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War$
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Sean W. Burges

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033334

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033334.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 12 June 2021



(p.185) Conclusion
Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War

Sean W. Burges

University Press of Florida

Itamaraty's approach during the Cardoso era evidently veered away from leadership's traditional conceptions. This new style of leadership is comparable with the focus of the Gramscian student-teacher dialectic on creating a consensus, discussion, and the internalization of new techniques and ideas. This was intended to bring about a mutually beneficial ordering that would further Brazilian strategies, interests, and aspirations. This goal was, however, not proclaimed explicitly until Lula's presidency. The main theme of this book reveals how Brazilian policymakers attempted to utilize interdependence to establish regional structures that would exploit national policymaking autonomy. The chapter provides detailed examinations of attributed physical and economic integration, and also discusses other issues regarding security and leadership, interdependence, and how improvements in one aspect result in further improvements to another.

Keywords:   Itamaraty, Cardoso era, leadership, Lula presidency, interdependence, regional structure, policymaking autonomy

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