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The Spanish Convoy of 1750Heaven's Hammer and International Diplomacy$
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James A. Lewis

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033587

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033587.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Our Lady Weeps from Stem to Stern

Our Lady Weeps from Stem to Stern

(p.39) 5 Our Lady Weeps from Stem to Stern
The Spanish Convoy of 1750

James A. Lewis

University Press of Florida

Under the command of a very experienced merchant sea captain, Juan Manuel de Bonilla, the Guadalupe would become the most famous ship in the flota, simply because of the travails she and her crew underwent. Probably most disturbing of all to Bonilla, his crew would not obey direct orders. In one of his letters, Bonilla noted that from stem to stern, his sailors contested his authority through verbal insults, apparently fearing that the Guadalupe was about to sink. Moreover, they felt free to openly ransack cargo and personal belongings, taking whatever they wished. Bonilla's only recourse at this moment was to call the ship's company together, appeal to their loyalty to the king and to their employer's interests, remind everyone what punishment they could expect if they ever returned to Spain, and promise double wages if they supported his efforts to save the ship and cargo.

Keywords:   Galga, Guadalupe, Bonilla, Spanish maritime, pirates

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