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Americanization in the StatesImmigrant Social Welfare Policy, Citizenship, and National Identity in the United States, 19081929$
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Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033617

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033617.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

An Unhealthy Relationship

An Unhealthy Relationship

Eugenics and Americanization in New York, 1914–1917

(p.54) 3 An Unhealthy Relationship
Americanization in the States

Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

University Press of Florida

Americanization gained momentum as both a social movement and public policy in 1913–15. Frances A. Kellor, the former chief investigator for the NYBII, was working to build a national movement through the CCIH, while her successor, Marian K. Clark, was making her own mark on the NYBII. The new chief investigator's attempt to graft eugenics onto Americanization weakened the bureau politically. As conservatives attacked the NYBII for interfering with businesses' labor practices, New York progressives were unwilling to defend the bureau because of Clark's advocacy of a eugenics-based immigration policy. By 1915, Americanization had become a national movement, as progressives interested in immigration had established a nationwide network. However, New York was quickly losing its position as pioneer and leader of this new movement, as the Bureau of Industries and Immigration became distracted with Clark's efforts to graft eugenics onto Americanization.

Keywords:   Americanization, melting pot, Frances Kellor, Marian Clark, immigration, NYBII

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