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Americanization in the StatesImmigrant Social Welfare Policy, Citizenship, and National Identity in the United States, 19081929$
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Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033617

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033617.001.0001

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Americanizing the Home

Americanizing the Home

Housing Reform and the California Home Teacher Act of 1915

Chapter:
(p.66) 4 Americanizing the Home
Source:
Americanization in the States
Author(s):

Christina A. Ziegler-McPherson

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813033617.003.0005

In California, Americanization initially centered on interventions in the labor market through the CCIH's regulation of agricultural labor camps. However, the CCIH developed two other important programs, housing and education, that were like two sides of the same coin, reflecting progressive understandings of the home. This view of the home was both traditional—preserving the middle-class value of privacy—and progressive: asserting the state's right to intervene in the home and regulate private property to protect the community against disease and disorder. While the commission's housing program sought to clean up the exterior appearance of immigrants' homes and neighborhoods, the education program tried to inculcate foreign-born women with new, Anglo-American values that would inspire immigrant families to transform their homes from within. But the targeting of immigrants' cultures that underlay the Home Teachers Act was to become the driving factor in the entire Americanization movement during World War I.

Keywords:   Americanization, labor market, CCIH, immigration, Anglo-American values, World War I

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