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The Politics of Food in Modern Morocco$
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Stacy E. Holden

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813033730

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813033730.001.0001

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Fiscal Politics at the Municipal Slaughterhouse

Fiscal Politics at the Municipal Slaughterhouse

(p.143) 6 Fiscal Politics at the Municipal Slaughterhouse
The Politics of Food in Modern Morocco

Stacy E. Holden

University Press of Florida

Meat played a central role not only in legitimizing the protectorate but also in funding its operation. To advertise respect for Islam, colonial officers amplified the celebrations for 'Id al–Adha, or 'Id al–Kabir, as it was called by Moroccans, when the sultan sacrificed a ram on behalf of his subjects. For ordinary meals, however, the French expected urban residents to buy meat from local butchers at a municipal slaughterhouse. To increase demand for commercially butchered meat, the French banned private slaughter. By collecting a tax on each slaughtered animal, the French forced two hundred butchers to provide 10 percent of Fez's municipal income. Butchers increased their clientele among workers by exploiting colonial tax laws and slaughtering female animals. This chapter argues that the colonial regulation of the meat industry transformed the way that social classes conducted daily life, with workers and the poor increasing their access to meat, an influential luxury.

Keywords:   meat, colonial tax laws, slaughter, butchers, colonial regulation

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