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Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes$
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A. Martin Byers and DeeAnne Wymer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034553

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034553.001.0001

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The “Heartland” Woodland Settlement System

The “Heartland” Woodland Settlement System

Cultural Traditions and Resolving Key Puzzles

(p.276) 10 The “Heartland” Woodland Settlement System
Hopewell Settlement Patterns, Subsistence, and Symbolic Landscapes

A. Martin Byers

University Press of Florida

This chapter uses the vehicle of analyzing and critiquing Berle Clay's Woodland “Heartland” model to introduce to the archaeological community a more powerful consideration of the concepts of cosmology, ethos, world view, and ideology. It reveals how archaeologists can use these concepts as analytical “tools” for investigating and interpreting the duality of settlement—ceremonial distinctions between peoples within a region (e.g., differences and similarities among Hopewell sites or between Hopewell and Adena) as well as changes that occur in the archaeological record across time. The discussions in this chapter may thus have profound implications for recognizing and interpreting what differences within and across regions and time may mean in social as well as cultural terms.

Keywords:   Heartland, Hopewell earthworks, Middle Woodland, earthworks, cosmology, ethos, world view, ideology, tools

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