Kalenda and Other Neo-African Dances in the Circum-Caribbean
Julian Gerstin starts with historical citations of, confusions about, and variations on the Caribbean dances kalenda, chica, bamboula, djouba, and bele. He notes that these dances spread through the islands with French influence, along with contredanse, other European social dances, and carnival, and that during the 18th century, the French increasingly focused their slave-trading in the Congo/Angola region. Gerstin explores evidence of the Congolese origins of these neo-African creole dances which mixed in European influences as they developed on the various islands. He examines eroticism, challenges, and display, satire and secularism in dance on Martinique and other islands. Readers can follow the cited dances and the themes Gerstin develops throughout the book.
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