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Contentious Politics in the Middle EastPolitical Opposition under Authoritarianism$
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Holger Albrecht

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034744

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034744.001.0001

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Show Me the Money!

Show Me the Money!

Opposition, Western Funding, and Civil Society in Jordan and Lebanon

(p.75) 4 Show Me the Money!
Contentious Politics in the Middle East

Francesco Cavatorta

Azzam Elananza

University Press of Florida

Divide-and-conquer strategies have always been a characteristic of governance in Arab regimes as authoritarian rulers have used a mix of co-optation and repression to survive in power. In the past, such strategies were possible and successful because of the inherent strength of the regimes themselves, which had significant material and ideological resources at their disposal. Today, the same regimes have been severely weakened in both aspects and face an international system that, at least rhetorically, is much less tolerant toward authoritarianism and abuses of human rights than in the past. In spite of these odds, however, all Arab regimes, with the exception of Iraq, have survived. It is the dynamics of interactions among political actors within a set of institutional constraints that explains the persistence of authoritarian rule.

Keywords:   divide-and-conquer strategies, Arab regimes, authoritarianism, Iraq, authoritarian rule

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