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The Bachelet GovernmentConflict and Consensus in Post-Pinochet Chile$
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Silvia Borzutzky

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034751

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034751.001.0001

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Challenging the Consensus

Challenging the Consensus

The Politics of Protest and Policy Reform in Chile's Education System

(p.117) 5 Challenging the Consensus
The Bachelet Government

Mary Rose Kubal

University Press of Florida

This chapter looks into a seminal event in the history of the Bachelet administration. In education, much as in the pension and labor areas, the Concertaciόn consensus was organized around the maintenance of market policies designed by the Pinochet administration. As Kubal argues, the broad outlines of Chile's educational system were established in the market-oriented educational reform of the 1980s which emphasized a subsidiary role for the state; the establishment of privately subsidized schools; municipal administration; and the notion of school choice. The government role was limited to controlling the curriculum and overseeing and evaluating the system. Pinochet ensured the permanence of the system by institutionalizing it in a Constitutional Organic Law, which requires a supermajority in Congress to be modified.

Keywords:   Bachelet administration, Concertaciόn consensus, Pinochet administration, Chile's educational system, Constitutional Organic Law

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