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Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin
AmericaRace, Nation, and Community During the Liberal Period$
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Nicola Foote and Rene D. Harder Horst

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034874

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034874.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 22 October 2021

Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions

Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions

The Chaco War and Indigenous People in Paraguay

(p.286) 13 Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions
Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin America

René D. Harder Horst

University Press of Florida

This chapter argues that the Chaco War had important consequences for indigenous people in both Bolivia and Paraguay that were involved in the war. Natives helped to shape the frontier and its exploration by both Bolivia and Paraguay. Fear of indigenous uprisings, despite critical dependencies on native skills and knowledge of the Chaco area, led the nations to consider carefully native people when extending state hegemony. Although only Bolivia used Indian soldiers, they were involved in some of the war's most critical battles. Both armies relied on indigenous guides and native languages for communication and used natives as spies.

Keywords:   indigenous uprising, Chaco War, Bolivia, Paraguay, Indian soldiers, native language

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