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Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin
AmericaRace, Nation, and Community During the Liberal Period$
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Nicola Foote and Rene D. Harder Horst

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813034874

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813034874.001.0001

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Race and Ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army, 1914

Race and Ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army, 1914

(p.107) 5 Race and Ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army, 1914
Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin America

Richard N. Adams

University Press of Florida

This chapter discusses race and ethnicity in the Guatemalan Army in 1914. The Liberal reforms introduced in the 1870s opened a new era in Guatemalan history. While ramifications were felt in all sectors of society, the new Liberal government early decreed changes in the military. Of particular concern was to create a military establishment of national loyalty in order to centralize power in the state. Since liberal political economic philosophy required controlling the labor of the peasants, overwhelmingly an Indian population, it was critical that the country's military forces should serve the central government and not regional interests.

Keywords:   race, ethnicity, Guatemalan army, liberal reforms, military establishment, liberal philosophy

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