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A History of the Catholic Church in the American South,
1513–1900$
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James M. Woods

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813035321

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813035321.001.0001

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Church and State

Church and State

The Erosion of European Empires in the South, 1763–1821

Chapter:
(p.175) Six Church and State
Source:
A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513–1900
Author(s):

James M. Woods

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813035321.003.0006

The incident involving Père Antoine, Fr. Patrick Walsh, and Governor William Claiborne demonstrates the complexities involving church and state relations in the South at the turn of the nineteenth century. The next six decades would be the last for the empires from Europe in the South, yet relations between church and state would be anything but tranquil. As its empire collapsed in North America, France granted its ally, Spain, the western half of the vast Louisiana colony, land west of the Mississippi River from Lake Pontchartrain to its headwaters in what is now Minnesota, while England received all the lands east of the river, including Spanish Florida. With the South partitioned between Britain and Spain for the next twenty years, Catholicism would be momentously affected by this diplomatic reality of 1763.

Keywords:   Père Antoine, Patrick Walsh, William Claiborne, church, state, France, Spain, Louisiana, Britain, Catholicism

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