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Yo Soy NegroBlackness in Peru$
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Tanya Marie Golash-Boza

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813035741

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813035741.001.0001

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Locating Black Peruvians in Latin America

Locating Black Peruvians in Latin America

(p.59) Chapter 2 Locating Black Peruvians in Latin America
Yo Soy Negro

Tanya Maria Golash-Boza

University Press of Florida

This chapter traces the transnational discourses of race from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. This analysis reveals that the pattern in Latin America has been for elites to accept indigenous people into the nation through a process of acculturation (or deculturation), yet to accept blacks only through miscegenation. It argues that this difference arose from the different roles of blacks and Indians in the colonies and in subsequent nation-making projects. National projects focused on acculturating Indians and on incorporating blacks through biological dilution. This analysis adds complexity to our understanding of mestizaje, which purports to capture both interracial unions and acculturation, and of blanqueamiento (whitening), which also is meant to include both de-ethnicization and physical lightening.

Keywords:   race, Latin America, blacks, Peruvians, acculturation, mestizaje

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