Problems, Strengths, and Twenty-First-Century Trends
This chapter presents the critics and defenders of these communities and notes twenty-first-century trends. As the most extreme examples of age segregation, these communities have spawned debate over a variety of their aspects going back to their inception. That debate continues. Furthermore, with respect to planning trends by the twenty-first century, “smart growth” and the “new urbanism” replaced the somewhat discredited “new town” concept of the 1960s and 1970s. Environmental concerns increased as well, especially those related to water quality. Demographically, those Americans “age 55 and better” became more numerous. So did the number of active adult communities. The first years of the century began on a high note of prosperity. Then, suddenly, in 2006, a major housing crisis emerged. By 2008, the country was in recession.
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