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Struggling for a Just PeaceIsraeli and Palestinian Activism in the Second Intifada$
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Maia Carter Hallward

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036526

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036526.001.0001

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Historical Overview of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Historical Overview of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

(p.27) 2 Historical Overview of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Struggling for a Just Peace

Maia Carter Hallward

University Press of Florida

This chapter provides basic history of the evolution and emergence of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It introduces the many facets of “Israeli” and “Palestinian” identity and the complexity and contingency of these categories of identity. Starting with the emergence of the Zionist movement, the chapter traces key events in modern history that have shaped the boundaries of “Israeli” and “Palestinian” identity as well as “Jewish” and “Palestinian Arab” nationalism, including rival promises by the British during World War I and their subsequent mandate. The chapter outlines the differences between Israeli and Palestinian historiographies of the 1948 war that established the state of Israel and created 700,000–800,000 Palestinian refugees and discusses the changes that occurred after the 1967 war in terms of social, political, and cultural boundaries. After outlining the organization of Palestinian nonviolent activism in the first intifada, the chapter discusses the Oslo process and the failures that led to the outbreak of the second intifada.

Keywords:   Zionism, British mandate, State of Israel, Palestinian refugees, 1967 war, first intifada, second intifada, Oslo process

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