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Transnational Politics in Central America$
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Luis Roniger

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036632

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036632.001.0001

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Peace Making and the Challenges of Democratization and Liberalization

Peace Making and the Challenges of Democratization and Liberalization

Chapter:
(p.120) 10 Peace Making and the Challenges of Democratization and Liberalization
Source:
Transnational Politics in Central America
Author(s):

Luis Roniger

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0011

The cold war led to war across borders, international intervention, and transnational involvement, an involvement projected also onto the peace efforts and the transition to democracy starting in the 1990s, as analyzed in this chapter. The confrontation with communism and the vernacular forms of radical socialism generated policies that condoned genocidal practices whenever they could be justified in terms of “saving the soul” of these nations. This confrontational vision, supported by what came to be known as “doctrines of national security,” led to the use of counter-insurgency methodologies involving repression and lack of respect for human rights. As a result, the conflict in Central America produced much suffering, social disruption, displacement, and attrition, with devastating impacts on human life, infrastructure, and resources.

Keywords:   international intervention, transnational involvement, communism, radical socialism, counter-insurgency methodologies

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