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Transnational Politics in Central America$
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Luis Roniger

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036632

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036632.001.0001

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Transnational Displacement

Transnational Displacement

The Refugee Crisis and Migration

(p.132) 11 Transnational Displacement
Transnational Politics in Central America

Luis Roniger

University Press of Florida

The wave of armed conflicts that destabilized Central America in the late 1970s and early 1980s sparked a severe refugee crisis. International intervention and civil wars in Nicaragua and El Salvador and the major counterinsurgency operations by the Guatemalan military and the PACs created an unprecedented flow of refugees, generating a process of transnational migration whose unintended consequences are still felt today. It was a transnational dislocation of populations far wider than anything the Central American states had experienced before. In a region from which relatively few inhabitants had emigrated in the first half of the twentieth century and the process of rural-urban migration occurred later than in other parts of Iberoamerica, the wars started massive dislocations of populations and waves of refugees searching for asylum, followed later on by equally massive movements of transnational migrants gaining momentum in the 1990s and 2000s.

Keywords:   Central America, International intervention, civil wars, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Iberoamerica

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