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Transnational Politics in Central America$
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Luis Roniger

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036632

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036632.001.0001

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Citizenship and Subnational and Transnational Identities

Citizenship and Subnational and Transnational Identities

(p.67) 7 Citizenship and Subnational and Transnational Identities
Transnational Politics in Central America

Luis Roniger

University Press of Florida

Complementing the analysis, this chapter looks at the parameters of inclusion and exclusion predicated by the states in the region toward internal groups, both localized and particularly those with transnational links such as the Miskitu or the Garinagu. The crux of citizenship is the interaction of membership, public recognition, and politics. The character of such interaction varies according to the contextual and varied forms in which individuals and groups have connected to states and nations. The cultural program embedded in citizenship has had political implications, reflected in the official recognition or denial of recognition of political, civil, socioeconomic, and cultural rights to different groups. In other words, citizenship was channeled through the construction of a national identity, subordinating or even neglecting some of the subnational identities (today we would call them subaltern), especially those that could potentially acquire transnational projection.

Keywords:   Miskitu, Garinagu, citizenship, membership, public recognition, politics

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