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The History of Brazil under the Governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau, 1636–1644$
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Caspar van Baerle

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036649

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036649.001.0001

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Conquest of Maranhão. Treaties with Portugal.

Conquest of Maranhão. Treaties with Portugal.

(p.217) 11 Conquest of Maranhão. Treaties with Portugal.
The History of Brazil under the Governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau, 1636–1644

Caspar van Baerle

University Press of Florida

After Loanda and São Tomé were captured, the Company advised that the province of Maranhão should be the next province to be conquered. Lichthart and Kühn led the expedition and met little resistance. This conquest angered the Portuguese. After a period of natural disasters and periodic warfare, the Duke of Bragança, the king of Portugal, ratified a treaty. After this ratification, the province was relatively peaceful. Once these disputes were resolved, Count Johan Maurits made changes to maintain order and stability without resorting to fear and force. He decided to establish colonies inhabited by immigrants and locals to establish loyalty. The establishment of colonies was successful. During his rule, Count Johan Maurits strove to ensure that the Portuguese were satisfied as well as the locals. He also protected the equal rights of his citizens to gain loyalty. In this chapter the history behind the conflict between the Dutch and Portuguese is briefly described as well as the resources and people of Maranhão. A detailed description of the treaty is also outlined in this chapter.

Keywords:   Maranhão, Lichthart, Kühn, immigrants, company

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