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Bioarchaeology and Identity in the Americas$
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Kelly J. Knudson and Christopher M. Stojanowski

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036786

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036786.001.0001

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Post-Tiwanaku Ethnogenesis in the Coastal Moquegua Valley, Peru

Post-Tiwanaku Ethnogenesis in the Coastal Moquegua Valley, Peru

(p.103) 5 Post-Tiwanaku Ethnogenesis in the Coastal Moquegua Valley, Peru
Bioarchaeology and Identity in the Americas



University Press of Florida

In the South Central Andes, a number of different cultural groups emerged in the wake of the collapse of the Tiwanaku polity. Among the cultural groups to emerge in the wake of this collapse were the coastal Chiribaya. While some scholars have argued that the Chiribaya represent the descendants of middle-valley Tiwanaku colonists, others assert that they represent a locally derived ethnic group which evolved from pre-existing coastal populations. This chapter tests these hypotheses using biodistance data. Results of design-matrix analyses suggest the Chiribaya are descended from the Tiwanaku. Chiribaya ethnogenesis is discussed in light of these results and the archaeological record. Chiribaya ethnicity emerged in both new political and environmental landscapes; their ceramics, textiles, and other cultural elements modify many of the motifs found in Tiwanaku styles, while incorporating new economically relevant elements that reflect their dependence upon both maritime and agropastoral resources.

Keywords:   Tiwanaku, Chiribaya, Peru, ethnogenesis, biodistance analysis, cluster analysis

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