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French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean$
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Kenneth G. Kelly and Meredith D. Hardy

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036809

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036809.001.0001

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French Protestants in South Carolina

French Protestants in South Carolina

The Archaeology of a European Ethnic Minority

(p.17) 2 French Protestants in South Carolina
French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean



University Press of Florida

Although historical archaeologists are paying increased attention to the contributions of non-Europeans to the development of American culture, there is less focus on the role played by non-English European minority groups. This chapter focuses on one such group, the Huguenots of South Carolina. These were French Protestant refugees who sought liberty in an English colony, where they adapted to the English language, religion, politics, and material culture. Yet archaeological and documentary investigations suggest that, in fact, the French presence in South Carolina had a profound impact on the colony. Through an examination of gravestone inscriptions and domestic architecture at sites in the South Carolina Lowcountry, this chapter investigates the role of Huguenots in the development of local culture.

Keywords:   South Carolina, plantation architecture, gravestone inscriptions, Poteaux-en-terre, waterhorn plantation, Huguenot, Lowcountry, plantation archaeology

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