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French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean$
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Kenneth G. Kelly and Meredith D. Hardy

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813036809

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813036809.001.0001

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The Greatest Gathering

The Greatest Gathering

The Second French-Chickasaw War in the Mississippi Valley and the Potential for Archaeology

(p.81) 6 The Greatest Gathering
French Colonial Archaeology in the Southeast and Caribbean



University Press of Florida

After the destruction of the Natchez in 1730, French Colonial authorities and their Indian allies considered the Chickasaw Nation the greatest threat to life and commerce in the mid-continent. A complex, multi-component expedition mounted to neutralize Chickasaw influence brought together French military forces, colonial militia from the St. Lawrence, Illinois, and Louisiana settlements, and Indian allies from more than 20 tribes on the Mississippi River in 1739. Although the Second French–Chickasaw War, as it is called, did not produce the military solution that colonials sought, the unprecedented multicultural gathering offers a rare opportunity for archaeological inquiry.

Keywords:   Chickasaw, Mississippi Valley, Bienville, Second Chickasaw War, Ft. St. Francis, Ft. Assumption, Quapaws

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