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The Southern Mind Under Union RuleThe Diary of James Rumley, Beaufort, North Carolina, 1862-1865$
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Judkin Browning

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037288

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037288.001.0001

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(p.49) 1863
The Southern Mind Under Union Rule

Judkin Browning

University Press of Florida

Rumley describes the continuation of the Union military occupation and wartime reconstruction policy in the region. He discusses the emancipation proclamation's effects, and talks about the enlistment of African American soldiers (USCT) in the region. Steeped in his own racism, Rumley discusses the many “abuses” that he feels local white civilians are subjected to at the hands of their oppressive occupiers. He also relates various captures of blockade runners and confiscation of civilian properties. Rumley discusses the arrival of deserters in the region and the enlistment of local whites into the Union army, referred to as “buffaloes,” complicating the nature of Unionism.

Keywords:   military occupation, reconstruction, emancipation, freedmen, racism, Unionism, USCT, confiscation, buffaloes

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