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The Sea Their GravesAn Archaeology of Death and Remembrance in Maritime Culture$
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David J. Stewart

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037349

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037349.001.0001

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“Was Never Since Heard Of”: Remembering the Missing

“Was Never Since Heard Of”: Remembering the Missing

Chapter:
(p.133) 5 “Was Never Since Heard Of”: Remembering the Missing
Source:
The Sea Their Graves
Author(s):

David J. Stewart

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813037349.003.0005

Over 40 percent of the monuments in this study are for sailors whose bodies are not present at the site of the memorial. The emphasis on the absent body highlights a problem that was endemic in maritime society: how to remember those who never returned. Memorials for the missing became popular in the late eighteenth century due to changing attitudes toward death at that time. By the end of the eighteenth century, prevailing sentiment regarded each person as worthy of remembrance and also held the view that each person's body deserved to be buried in a grave that would remain undisturbed until the Resurrection. Memorials to absent sailors represent an attempt to provide a proper burial place for those who were lost. However, memorials for the missing proved ultimately unsatisfying. While they provided a symbolic link to the missing and a focus for commemoration, empty graves could never take the place of physical remains. The ambiguous nature of being lost or buried far from home prevented maritime families from completely accepting the loss and moving on with their lives. Both the missing sailor and the family back home remained trapped in a liminal state.

Keywords:   Cenotaph, grieving process, individualism, liminality, lost at sea, romantic movement

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