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After Freedom SummerHow Race Realigned Mississippi Politics, 1965-1986$
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Chris Danielson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037387

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037387.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 16 October 2019

Reapportionment:

Reapportionment:

Giving Clark Some Company

Chapter:
(p.109) 5 Reapportionment:
Source:
After Freedom Summer
Author(s):

Chris Danielson

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813037387.003.0006

This chapter discusses the fourteen-year legal battle to create single-member districts in the state legislature and aid black candidates. When the MFDP began its lawsuit in 1965, Mississippi used multimember districts to dilute the voting strength of black-majority counties. The state defended the use of the districts to minimize black political power, and until the resolution of the cases in 1979, only one black legislator, Robert Clark, won a seat from a multimember district. Through lawsuits in the federal courts and Supreme Court intervention, the MFDP plaintiffs prevailed and created a plan that led to the election of numerous black legislators in 1979.

Keywords:   reapportionment, multimember districts, state legislature, single-member districts

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