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The Divergence of Judaism and IslamInterdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil$
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Michael M. Laskier and Yaacov Lev

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037516

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037516.001.0001

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Yemen: Muslim and Jewish Interactions in the Tribal Sphere

Yemen: Muslim and Jewish Interactions in the Tribal Sphere

Chapter:
(p.125) 7 Yemen: Muslim and Jewish Interactions in the Tribal Sphere
Source:
The Divergence of Judaism and Islam
Author(s):

Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813037516.003.0007

Except for Aden, Yemen was an independent entity beginning in 1918 under the Imamate. This chapter analyzes the striking resemblance of tribal dissension in Yemen to Arab–Berber unrest in southern Morocco, where local chieftains were resentful of the Sharifian Sultanate and central authorities. In both Yemen and Morocco there existed a sizable Jewish minority that benefited from Muslim protection yet maintained a precarious existence. The partial exposure of Yemen to Europe in the twentieth century—similar to the Moroccan situation—helped connect the population to the world economy but weakened the economic foundation of the tribes, Jews included. The chapter elaborates on the dhimmi status of the Jews, their response to tribal customary law, and the Muslims' attitude toward Jewish religion and custom.

Keywords:   Yemen, Aden, tribal society, dhimmis, shari'ah, jizya, otherness, Imams

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