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The Divergence of Judaism and IslamInterdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil$
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Michael M. Laskier and Yaacov Lev

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037516

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037516.001.0001

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The Moroccan Nationalist Movement and Its Attitude toward Jews and Zionism

The Moroccan Nationalist Movement and Its Attitude toward Jews and Zionism

(p.160) 9 The Moroccan Nationalist Movement and Its Attitude toward Jews and Zionism
The Divergence of Judaism and Islam

Dalit Atrakchi

University Press of Florida

This chapter examines tensions looming large between local nationalists and Zionists in mid-twentieth-century Morocco, their relevance to the Arab–Israeli conflict, and the status of Moroccan Jewry in the transition of their country from a colonized entity to an independent nation-state. Morocco's geographical remoteness from the Middle East conflict hardly influenced local nationalists' decision to identify in solidarity with the Arab struggle over Palestine, a decision that affected Judeo-Muslim relations negatively, especially in urban areas. At the same time, Moroccan Jewry contributed to the weakening of Judeo-Muslim understanding. They refused to take the side of the nationalists in the struggle for statehood, hoping quietly that French and Spanish colonial presence would endure indefinitely. Finding themselves positioned between the colonizers and the colonized, the Jews were pressured by each side to embrace its cause, and it became apparent to the nationalists that the Jews—at least inwardly—supported the colonialists. These realities convinced the majority of Jews that they should opt for departure to Israel, France, and the Americas.

Keywords:   Morocco, colonialism, nationalism, Zionism, Istiqlal, aliyah, Israel, King Muhammad V

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