This chapter provides a historical background to Apalache and Florida, and on the Natives and Spaniards from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The Spanish presence in Apalache revolved around Fort San Marcos and dealing with the local Creeks and Seminoles. Spain lost Florida between 1763 and 1783, when Great Britain ruled the area and divided Florida into East (the peninsula) and West (the Gulf Coast) Florida. In 1787 Spain returned to Apalache and Fort San Marcos to forestall British smuggling.
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