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War on the Gulf CoastThe Spanish Fight against William Augustus Bowles$
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Gilbert C. Din

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037523

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037523.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FLORIDA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.florida.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University Press of Florida, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FLASO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Portell versus Bowles

Portell versus Bowles

(p.77) 5 Portell versus Bowles
War on the Gulf Coast

Gilbert C. Din

University Press of Florida

Captain Tomás Portell became commandant at Fort San Marcos in 1798, which continued in a decrepit condition and with insufficient soldiers. Spain was at war again with Great Britain, which brought its privateers and warships to the Gulf Coast, and hindered sending Spanish supplies to Pensacola and Apalache. Marking the new United States–Spanish boundary upset the Natives. Spain used its Mississippi River gunboats on the Gulf Coast to protect small supply vessels, guard Fort San Marcos, and try to seize Bowles. Folch, Bouligny, and Casa-Calvo disputed the assistance Apalache needed. Bowles, meanwhile, returned to the Gulf Coast determined to create his state of Muskogee, losing most of his weapons and gifts when his ship sank off the Gulf Coast. He assumed the title of Director General and attracted Seminoles and some Lower Creeks to his cause through promising to bring in more goods. Upper Creeks, however, resisted him and incipient warfare began. Casa-Calvo sent an expedition to capture Bowles. Folch disputed many of Casa-Calvo's orders.

Keywords:   Portell, naval conflict, Spanish disputes, Bowles, Director General, warfare, Folch

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