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Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba$
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Sinan Koont

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037578

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037578.001.0001

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Technological Innovation in Urban Agriculture: Examples from Protected and Semiprotected Cultivation

Technological Innovation in Urban Agriculture: Examples from Protected and Semiprotected Cultivation

Chapter:
(p.114) 6 Technological Innovation in Urban Agriculture: Examples from Protected and Semiprotected Cultivation
Source:
Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba
Author(s):

Sinan Koont

Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0007

This chapter considers examples of technological innovation in protected and semi-protected cultivation in urban agriculture. Greenhouse cultivation began in Cuba as an import-substitution effort in tourism. Adaptation of greenhouse construction to tropical conditions and agroecological pest-control techniques were introduced to reduce remaining import costs. Eventually, semi-protected cultivation (with shade providing agrotextile screens) was introduced and replaced protected cultivation as one of the subprograms of urban agriculture. Polycultures (intercropping, land-equivalent ratios), which had fallen into disuse in the first sugar—then industrial agriculture—intensive twentieth century, have been reintroduced to good effect in semi-protected organóponicas. GNAU and the government are providing strong guidance and support for this program, which is expanding rapidly throughout Cuba.

Keywords:   protected cultivation, semi-protected cultivation, greenhouses, import substitution, intercropping, land-equivalent ratio, agroecological pest control

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