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Sovereignty at SeaU.S. Merchant Ships and American Entry into World War I$
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Rodney Carlisle

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813037622

Published to Florida Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5744/florida/9780813037622.001.0001

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Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite, and Congress

Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite, and Congress

(p.141) 10 Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite, and Congress
Sovereignty at Sea

Rodney Carlisle

University Press of Florida

Prior to the final decision of Congress, three more ships were sunk by German submarines: the Aztec, the Missourian, and the Marguerite. Word of the sinking of the first two reached Congress before their final decision. Wilson's address to Congress is discussed, showing the reasons why he focused on idealistic issues of democracy and morality, rather than on the precipitating actions that constituted a casus belli. The speeches of Congressmen are evaluated to show the extent to which they were aware of the specifics of the ship losses; several speeches showed that key members of Congress used the Lansing memorandum for their information.

Keywords:   Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite, Declaration of War, Congress

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